Changes in skin during pregnancy are a normal phenomenon caused due to hormonal changes taking place within the body. Being well informed about the essential elements related to skin care helps in adopting a safe and effective skin care regime that is suitable for your skin especially during pregnancy. Include this as an integral part of overall health care to optimize your wellbeing. Keep yourself comfortable, good looking and healthy during pregnancy with suitable pregnancy skin care tips.
Pregnancy skin care for pregnant women is really essential; skin care and pregnancy go hand-inhand.
In order to maintain a pregnancy skin care routine, you’ll need to focus on the basics of skin care. Follow these easy pregnancy skin care tips.
Pregnancy Skin Care: Cleansing
It is recommended to use a non-residue or glycerin-based facial cleanser. If your skin is ultra dry, then we suggests washing with a soapless rinse-off cleanser that’s mild and moisturizing. Wash your face no more than twice a day to prevent over-drying.
Pregnancy Skin Care: Moisturizing and Sun Protection
The most important addition you should make to your skin-care routine during pregnancy (and beyond) is a moisturizer with at least SPF 15, and with broad spectrum protection (that works against both UVA and UVB rays). During pregnancy, elevated hormone levels trigger the multiplication of pigment cells, which can cause facial blotchiness, or “the mask of pregnancy.” Using sunscreen daily rain or shine is the best way to avoid this discoloration. If you know you’re going to be out in the midday sun or at the beach, protect yourself with a sunblock of SPF 30 or higher. Look for lotions and creams with the ingredient Parsol 1789 or Avobenzone on the label.
Pregnancy Skin Care: Acne and Oil
If your skin is oily and/or acne prone, you’ll probably experience your worst breakouts during the first trimester of pregnancy. The safest way to treat these breakouts is with a product that contains glycolic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, topical erythromycin (prescription only). Generally, most dermatologists don’t recommend the use of topical retinoids (such as Retin-A or Differin) or salicylic acid check product labels for ingredients. While these ingredients haven’t been linked with birth defects, when there’s no conclusive evidence one way or the other, it’s best to err on the side of caution.
Pregnancy Skin Care: Quick and Easy Makeup
When it comes to wearing makeup during pregnancy, stick with the less-is- more philosophy. It’s faster and easier. All you really need to put your best face forward are few multipurpose products.A foundation stick that doubles as concealer is great for covering under-eye circles and blemishes, and for evening out skin tone. Chubby pencils are foolproof for smudging on eyes, lips, and cheeks, and they won’t take up much room in your bag. If you’re the kind of person who won’t leave the house without lipstick, make sure it’s moisturizing and contains sun protection.
For a polished look, finish up with a coat of washable, waterproof mascara and you’re ready for the day.
General skin care Tips
- Rest and relax. Get plenty of sleep and select suitable methods of relaxation.
- Use a suitable moisturizer. Apply generously on required areas of skin. There is accelerated sloughing of cells during pregnancy and consequently the skin is in need of better hydration.
- Clean your face and neck frequently using a mild soap to prevent clogged sores.
- Select comfortable and suitable clothing to avoid rashes.
- Try a facial that is most suitable for your skin, as a good massage can rejuvenate your skin.
- Avoid exposure to sunlight and use quality sun screen lotion.
- Drink plenty of water and increase intake of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Do not hesitate to consult health care provider even for minor skin changes.
- You may need to switch to skin care products to suit your skin conditions. Some products may be unsuitable for use during pregnancy. Use skin care products with adequate UV filters to prevent skin pigmentation.
- Use a refreshing foot gel to give relief from tired and swollen feet
Pregnancy skin problems
Mums-to-be may notice certain skin changes, beginning first trimester of pregnancy. These skin conditions require adherence to an effective skin care schedule during pregnancy. Changes in skin during pregnancy are a normal phenomenon caused due to hormonal changes taking place within the body.
Melasma or mask of pregnancy
Towards the end of the second trimester or the beginning of the third trimester, you may notice a discoloration of the skin. The most common areas are the cheek, forehead, nose and the upper lip. Statistical data point out that the overproduction of melanocyte-stimulating hormone affects close to 70% of all pregnant women. Increased hormones cause skin pigmentation.
Consequently pregnant women develop dark, irregular patches, which fade away soon after the baby is born. You can guard yourself from melasma by reducing exposure to sunlight and by using sun screens.
It is common for pregnant women to develop acne during the first three months of pregnancy. Due to the fluctuation of hormones, the skin can dry out more than normal and result in acne. A quick and easy remedy to keep acne at bay is by drinking plenty of water and eating lots of fruits and vegetables.
Otherwise referred to as pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPP),pimply eruptions are common during the second half of pregnancy. Signs of red, raised patches on the abdomen, thighs and buttocks (or all over the body) appear and can be very irritating to the pregnant woman. Mild or severe in nature, these eruptions vanish quickly after delivery. Calamine lotion can provide relief from the irritation.
Around the second trimester, a faint line running from the navel to the center of the pubic bone may turn darker and become a linea nigra. The nipples too may turn darker as a result of the hormonal changes during pregnancy. Hardly preventable, linea nigra fades away after few months of delivery.
Dry itchy abdomen
With the belly growing, your skin stretches and tightens. Quite difficult to eliminate, you can use suitable moisturizing cream or olive oil, which can provide substantial relief. You can also avoid hot showers and baths, eliminate using drying soaps or products that contain alcohol which will make the skin dry fast.
Tiny polyps called skin tags can appear in areas where the skin rubs on clothing or just with the skin. Skin tags are commonly found under the arms or breasts, between neck folds or on the chest. With hardly any treatment options, these tags may require a health care provider to remove them in case they do not disappear few months post delivery.
Red or purple sun bursts in the shape of a spider web may appear on the face, neck, upper chest, legs or arms. Referred to as spider veins or telangiectasia or broken capillaries, these are tiny blood vessels that form due to increased blood circulation, most common during pregnancy. The other reason being hormonal changes, these spider veins disappear soon after delivery.
Pregnant women may develop enlarged veins in the legs. You can avoid or reduce the risk of varicose veins by involving in gentle exercises, avoiding crossing of legs, increasing intake of vitamin C or using suitable tights or stockings before getting out of bed in the morning. Varicose veins become normal or disappear after delivery.