Birthmark is a discoloration on the skin that is present from the moment of birth, or shortly thereafter. There are some that are hereditary. For example, one woman can have several children with the same birthmarks. It’s possible that some birthmarks may disappear over time, however, in other cases they refuse to go away.
If they appear noticeably in areas such as the face they can affect the appearance of the individual and thus lower self-esteem levels. In some instances, birthmarks can pose a health risk. For example, birthmarks on the eyelids or face can lead to seizures or eye issues (glaucoma).
There are four main categories of birthmarks:
There are several benefits associated with laser birthmark removal.The procedure is virtually painless and will usually require no anesthetic. There will usually be a tingling sensation that can be compared to a snapping rubber band on your skin. No hospital stay will be required and the recovery period is relatively short.
Usually, any tenderness or bruising will fade within a week. The improvement of your appearance can be a boost to your self-confidence and self-esteem levels, as well. There is no age limit withlaser birthmark removal. However, for children under the age of 5, a consultation with a doctor is recommended.
There are various lasers used either alone or in combination for birthmarks like Pulse Dye Laser, IPL, Q-Switched ND-Yag Laser, Fractional Co2 laser.
The recovery time for healing from birthmark removal is relatively short. Any swelling or discomfort will usually fade in about a week. You may notice that the treated area will become dark purple. This should disappear about ten days after the procedure but, in some cases, it can last for 6-8 weeks.
You will be advised to refrain from scratching the treated area. You should also avoid direct sunlight or use a good sunscreen when going outside in the daytime. It's important to follow all of the doctor's post-procedure instructions and that parents assist their children with those instructions if needed.
It should be noted that laser birthmark treatments don't always successfully remove a birthmark. This can occur when the birthmark pigmentation is unable to be reached by the laser. Another thing to keep in mind is that the birthmarks may take several sittings to lighten or to get completely removed. It is difficult to predict upon initial evaluation how many treatments will be required for optimal results inasmuch as the pigment in the birthmark may be at different levels within the skin. The expectation for patients is one of improvement and fading if not complete resolution. Although it may be possible to achieve 100% removal with laser birthmark removal, it is not possible to predict this because results vary from patient to patient.
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